Pipeline Hydro Test Pressure Determination

By Ramesh Singh, MS, I Eng, MWeld I, Gulf Interstate Engineering, Houston | October 2009 Vol. 236 No. 10

This increase in d/t ratio reduces the ligament between the adjoining defects. This effectively reduces the stress required to propagate the discontinuity. The other factor affecting the pressure reversal is the damage to the Crack Tip Opening (CTO). The CTO is subject to some compressive force leading the crack tip to force-close during the initial test. On subsequent pressurization to significantly lower pressure this “force-close” tip starts to open-up and facilitates the growth of the crack. Hence, if such a pressure cycle is part of the design, then the point of pressure reversal should be considered.

Puncture Resistance

  • It may also be noted that there is a modest reduction in puncture resistance with both increasing SMYS and increasing design factor. Note that the maximum design factor is, in some instances, constrained by practical limits on D/t.
  • In any event, it should be noted that only a small proportion of large excavators are capable of generating a puncture force exceeding 300 kN and that the reductions in puncture resistance noted would have to be assessed for the integrated approaches to the management of mechanical damage threats.

Ramesh Singh is Senior Principal Engineer (Materials, Welding and Corrosion) for Gulf Interstate Engineering, 16010 Barkers Point Lane, Houston, Texas 77079-9000, 713-850-3687, Fax: 713-850-3554, E-mail: rsingh@gie.com.

49 CFR Part 192 Part-V, “Pipeline Safety: Standards for increasing the Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure for Gas Transmission Pipelines,” Final Rule issued Dec. 17, 2008.

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